New report about exploitation: effects of climate change and environmental degradation on child labour
Worldwide, more than 150 million children work to support their families. Child labour is a direct consequence of poverty, but the fact that it is closely linked to environmental degradation is a new facet of this problem. Terre des hommes raises this issue in its new report entitled ‘Effects of climate and environmental degradation on child labour’.
The impact of climate change is visible all over the world, and the inhabitants of developing countries are the worst affected by it. Extreme climatic phenomena, droughts or environmental degradation aggravate the poverty in these countries. Over half a billion children live in areas that are extremely vulnerable to flooding, and nearly 160 million in areas that are very prone to drought.
These impacts are considerable on the children’s living conditions. In rural areas, farmers who see their crops destroyed on account of climate changes, such as altered patterns of rainfall or soil erosion, have no other choice but to send their children out to work. In Nepal, for example, numerous families migrate seasonally to Kathmandu to look for work. It is estimated that nearly 28,000 children work in the brick kilns there, often in inhuman conditions.
Our Child Labour Report 2017 shows proof of the link between climate change and child labour. For that reason, protection of the environment, as well as other measures to be taken relating to climate change, are crucial for reducing child labour worldwide.
Photo credit: ©Sajana Shrestha